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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

You can help grow this resource by contributing your own findings on any convict page by pressing the Contribute to this record button.

Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 New Convicts

A big thanks to everyone who contributed a convict - we reached our original target of 100 new convicts in less than a month, and have had an amazing 3,056 new convicts added in total!

Our current goal of 3,611 is special in that it means we will have discovered roughly 1 in 10 convicts who were missing from the original records!

If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 33,056 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.

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Goal: 15,000 Contributions

By contributing you will bring the community a step closer to a goal of 15,000 contributions. We currently have 11,849 contributions.

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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 29th October, 2014 wrote of Connor Gibney:

Connor Gibney was 20 years old on arrival, his crime was not stated.

Connor’s native place was Cavan County, Ireland.

1832: TOL Goulburn
1837: TOL Goulburn
1/4/1839: CP

1842: Married Mary Shatson at Yass, they had 4 children.

1861: Connor died aged 59, he was a farmer at Nunick Creek, nr Yass, NSW

Shirley Murdoch on 28th October, 2014 wrote of David More:

Tried for the rape of Agnes Cooper, daughter of James Cooper & Lilias Pratt, in Dysart, Fife, Scotland. Convicted of aggravated assault.

Jenny Merrell on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Elizabeth Taylor:

Elizabeth was born abt 1792,
Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland

Jenny Merrell on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Elizabeth Taylor:

Elizabeth Taylor also had another child, mar 1833, Julia Wood born, Sydney.  Julia is my 3rd gt grandmother.

Robin Sharkey on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Patrick Keane:

Patrick Keane arrived on the Boyd in 1809 having been aged 24 when he left Ireland in 1808. He was tried with 22 year old Maurice Hickey who arrived with him. Both were given the death sentence, to be carried out on 7th May, for burglary & robbery on Thomas Sinnott of Waterford, and attempted murder. But they were reprieved less than a week beforehand.

When Pat finally got a ticket of leave after year and years, in 1824 he only had it one month before drowning in a boating accident while our gathering grasses for selling.

* Pat Keane was a tall man of nearly 6ft height
*  his calling was paper maker.
* he was a native of Waterford.
* Sallow complexion and dark brown hair going grey already when he was 40 years old in 1824.

IRISH NEWSPAPER REPORTS OF CRIME:
Finns Leinster Journal Sat 5 March 1808
On Saturday last Patrick KEAN and Maurice HICKEY were committed to Waterford Gaol by John Douse Langley Esq, charged with robbing and attempting to murder Thomas Sinnott, of Carriganure, in the County of Waterford.

Freemans Journal Fri 25 March 1808
Waterford Assizes -
Patrick KEAN and Maurice HICKEY were brought forward on a charge of burglary and robbery in the hose of Thomas Sinnott - Guilty. Sentence not given.

Finns Leinster Journal Sat 20 April 1808
Patrick KEANE and Maurice HICKEY, found guilty last Assizes of burglary, robbery and an attempt to murder Thomas Sinnott of Carriganure, in the County of Waterford, and who were to be executed on Saturday, the 7th May have been respited until further orders.

Freemans Journal Wed 16 November 1808
Sunday Morning [i.e. 13 November] the convicts for Botany Bay confined for some time past in th city and county jails of Waterford were sent for the Cove of Cork, under a military escort - one prisoner, of the name of Fleming, from Wexford, accompanied them: Maurice Hickey, (L)  Patrick Keane, (L) James Swaine and Mary Hale, from the county jail - and John Read, from the city.

In NSW
Patrick Keane with two mates off the “Boyd” did a robbery the year after landing and got caught. He got 50 lashes for his efforts.

27 Oct 1810 Sydney Gazette
Patrick McKane, John White; and Edward McHugh, found guilty of stealing wearing apparel, ___, 30 dollars, and sundry other property from the house of Richard Jennen, at Kissing Point, were sentenced.  McKane and White to receive 50 lashes each and be confined to hard labour 12 months; and McHugh, being the most atrocious offender, to receive 100 lashes, and be confined to hard labour, two years.

1814 - Mustered at Liverpool an assigned to Mr Meehan (the surveyor) with some other convicts.

1816, July = assigned to Joseph Hatton at Kissing Point, an old emancipist married to an ex First Fleeter.

1817 - sent to Newcastle per the Mary. Bracketed with John Hennessy “Surry”  - one year each.

1818 on return went back to Joseph Hatton.

1821 - transferred over to work for Patrick Troy, per “Providence” in 1811, convicted Waterford 7 yrs for taking arms. Troy’s wife Elizabeth nee Smith, was the step-daughter of Joseph Hatton and they all lived on farms at Kissing Point.

* 1823 official transfer of Pat Keane to Pat Troy, although he had already been working for him since 1821.

APPLICATION FOR TICKET OF LEAVE, 1823
We hereby certify that Patrick Keane who came by the Boyd in 1809 has not been convicted of any crime or misdemeanour in this colony, but is to one’s certain belief, an honest, sober and industrious character, having served faithfully Joseph Hatton residing in the District f Kissing Point form July 1816 to December 1821 and Patrick Tray of the same District, from December 1821 until August 1824.

Attestation by Joseph Hatton as 1st Master as to character of Patrick Keane for a ticket of leave.
Attestation by Patrick Tray as 2nd Master as to character of Patrick Keane for a ticket of leave.
Also chaplain JJ Therry
and resident magistrate - J Morley??

Obviously they overlooked his 1817 misdemeanour and probably did not know about the 1810 event. But it worked! He got a ticket of Leave dated 10 August 1824.

But he was only Free with his ticket of Leave for one month before he died in an accident while he was out working for himself, trying to make a living. Patrick Troy had probably loaned them his boat. From an advertisement placed in July 1827 by Troy for sale of the boat, it had an 18 ft keel, was close lined and had both sails and oars.

Sydney Gazette dated Thursday 23 Sept 1824:
Another wood-boat lost, with three poor men.
- On Saturday se’nnight [18 Sept 1824]  John Tierney, Thomas Finnegan, and Patrick Kane, who obtained their livelihood by bringing wood and grass to town in a boat - belonging to one Patrick Troy, were drowned near the arm of Broken-bay, owing to the upsetting of the boat, which was supposed to be heavily laden.-The oars and rudder, were picked up the same day, not fat from the spot where the hapless men met a watery grave.

D Wong on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Thomas Coe:

Thomas was the son of William Coe and Ann Webber and was born in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, and was transported for stealing malt from Mr. Harlot of Ely.

Thomas was 5’2 tall, fresh complexion, sandy hair, brown eyes, Protestant and he could read and write a little, his jaws were swollen and there were large scars on his jaw, Norman, on right arm, faint letter T on left arm, scars on left and and on first, second and third fingers left arm.

29/8/1848: TOL
19/7/1851: COF

6/12/1852: Married Sarah Jane Mulholland/Kirwin at St Georges Church, Hobart.

14/12/1853: Son William born.

1854: Thomas, Sarah and baby William departed for Victoria and went to the goldfields around Daylesford, Victoria. Thomas worked as a miner.
They had 3 more children, 2 dying in infancy.

Then moved to Sailor’s Hill near Daylesford.
Child Ann died aged 7 months in 1864
By 1868 they had had 6 children but only one had survived.
They then had another 5 children.

Sarah died at the age of 46 years.
Thomas lived in the Daylesford area for 53 years.

9/6/1905: Thomas died aged 80 at Daylesford from a cerebral hemorrhage. 5 of his 11 children survived him.

Thomas was buried with Sarah and 3 of their children in a family grave at the Daylesford Cemetery.

D Wong on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Samuel Hanna:

Samuel Hanna was 40 years old on arrival in NSW and was transported for “Base Coin”.

Samuel was married with 2 female children and his native place was County Down.

1840: TOL Yass
11/3/1841: COF

Robin Sharkey on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Patrick Troy:

Convicted in Waterford, in August 1810 and loaded onto “Providence” aged 25 to be transported for Life to NSW for attempting to take the arms of Mr Wilson of Whitestown in County of Waterford. Mr Wilson said he lived about 5 miles from Carrick-on-Suir.

IRISH CRIME:
Taken from the “Waterford Mirror” 20 August 1810:  Patrick Troy had approached Wilson in his garden with another fellow, who carried a blunderbuss, also on trial with him, and they told Wilson they wanted his arms. One of Wilson’s tenants, John Quigley, was in the garden with him at the time. 

Troy and the other man walked Wilson between them towards his house. On seeing this, and realising what was happening, the servants locked the doors of the house. Wilson claimed that Troy had then “ immediately rushed to the Kitchen window, and exclaimed violently, “Ye Whores, Ye Whores, open the door!” Mr Wilson said, “No, no!, don’t open the door for anyone!”, and addressing himself to the man at the window, added, “If you don’t quit that place, you’ll certainly suffer”. The person holding the Blunderbuss replied,  “If he’s peppered, I’ll pepper you!”.

Wilson had not seen his attackers before (implying they were not men who lived around Carrick-on-Suir) but he claimed to remember them well. Patrick Troy called in his defence a man named Sheehan who worked as shoemaker, to say that he’d been at Sheehan’s house all that day.  But the “Waterford Mirror” archly observed that   “The Minutiae of this poor man’s examination, contain a number of incidents unworthy [of] the attention of our readers, in support of the plea of an alibi; but as it was deemed a very cobbling attempt at establishing that species of defence, the Jury brought in a verdict of Guilty against the Prisoner; and he was sentenced to seven years Transportation.”

That was it, Patrick Troy would be on his way to NSW, on board the Providence

ON ARRIVAL IN NSW in February 1811:? he was Probably initially Assigned to Joseph “Halla”. No such person - it could have been a Joseph Hall instead.
* BY 1816 he was assigned to James Squire, First Fleeter, of Kissing Point, and successful brewer and publican.  Squire was a generous master to have.
* 1817 he became Free by Servitude. Still with James Squire to 1818
* Married on 17 August 1818 to Elizabeth Smith, Born in Colony, raised at Kissing Point.  She had three sisters, one of whom, Jane, had married in 1810 with Francis Spencer, born 1790 as the eldest Australian son of James Squire and illegitimate, although looked after by Squire.
* Pat Troy and Francis Spencer were of a similar age and they were friends, married to two Smith sisters, and saw a lot of each other.  The Troys lived at Kissing Point, as did the Spencers.

1820 - 1824
* Troy rented a farm at Kissing Point (this was then a very broad area and included Concord).

* 1820 - his house at Kissing Point was broken into and various articles stolen (listed in Sydney Gazette of 5 October 1820, including several different lengths of cloth, some gold jewelry, baby clothes and other clothing). His certificate of Freedom was stolen, also the certificate of James O’Neil. This was his servant. The ever generous James Squire placed the advertisement offering £5 reward.In January 1821 two men charged with this breaking were transported to Newcastle for 3 years.

*1822 Muster called him a “Settler” of Sydney. By now he was renting his farm at Concord. His farms were known as “Strowd” and “Needham’s” Farms and also variously as being at “Field of Mars’. Notice in Sydney gazette dated 11 Sept 1823, warning against trespassing or cutting down timber.

* 1823 August 8th - on list of persons receiving an Assigned convict - Thomas Bates per “Globe”
* 1823 September Muster - also had Patrick Keane/Kane/Cane per “Boyd” 1809 as his Gov’t Servant.

1824 - 1828
* 1824, January 6th - received 2 more assigned convicts - William and James Bryan both per “Brampton”
* 1824 petition for a Land Grant. Said had four children and the circumstance of paying £15 rent per year for his farm “could be obviated by Yr Excellency granting him a portion of land for the purpose of cultivation”.  He’d never before received any indulgences. He hoped that the governor would grant him a portion “at the north east arm of Broken Bay” .  This obviously did not happen.

* Sept 1824 Servants drowned - Pat Troy must have been trying a variety of ways to get ahead.  He had three men out in his small boat “near the arm of Broken Bay” in September 1824 bringing wood and grass to town when the boat upset and they all drowned.  One was Patrick Kane who was recorded the year before in the September 1823 muster as his assigned Gov’t Servant. The other swede Thomas Finnegan and John Tierney.

* By 1825 LIVING IN SYDNEY CITY he has moved off his farm at Kissing Point/Concord and into Sydney City.  He had a liquor booth on the racecrourse, - it was a tent, with a licence to sell spirits and liquor at the Raceground in Sydney (near Hyde park). Five men were found guilty of stealing wine, rum, brandy and other articles from his tent booth at the racecourse when the last races were on. They were all sent to Port Macquarie for seven years. (The ‘Australian’ 12 May 1825).

1825 - Was appointed a constable in Sydney around 1825.
1826 -  Dismissed from Constable duties, for drunkenness, notified in May 1826 Sydney Gazette

FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
* In Sydney he rented part of a house at no 52 Kent Street Sydney from the owner/Occupier, an approx 60 y.o. single man named patrick McKew. by now had give children.  Would have been crammed into the back part of the house.  Finances for Patrick must have got tight since he has given up his farm and although he got a constable job he lost that for being drunk.  Probably drowning his sorrows.  He has another mouth to feed with the arrival of a fifth child, George, in 1826.

* HIS ASSOCIATES:
His Brother in law Francis Spencer is now the license of a watering hole in King Street called the Black Horse”.  He had a business partner for the public house with the odd name of Astley Lawrie.  Pat Troy also knew Joseph Bradley well, former clerk to the Bench of Magistrates at Parramatta, who since 1823 made a living writing petitions and documents for people. Bradley left because he was unhappy with the pay rate and believes he was owed none. He said he had sometimes loaned Pat Troy money.

* In July 1827 old Patrick McKew died.  Pat Troy concocted the idea of forging a Deed of Gift from McKew to himself, gifting him the house at 52 Kent Street.  Bradley drew up the document, and signed it as a “witness”, Astley Lawry signed it as a “witness” and Bradley made the mark pretending old McKew who luckily couldn’t read or write. The brother-in-law Francis Spencer refused to get involved.  All were sworn to secrecy.

* Pat Troy and his family stayed on the house at 53 Kent Street = free of rent.  However, McKew had made a will the day he died, witnessed by more respectable clerks than Pat Troy’s mates and including the Catholic priest J J Therry watching over the signing, and having talked at length with McKew the day he died about his wishes for disposal of his property. Troy had never been been mentioned.

* Troy ran several advertisements in 1827 to protect his “interest” in the Kent Street property, cautioning anyone from purchasing it. (Sydney Gazette: 10th, 12th, 14th & 17th September 1827). Obviously the Executors were on his back, probably demanding rent payments.

In September 1827 he was re-appointed a Constable for the City of Sydney. This brought him in a regular income again, and he was not paying rent. Plus he ha the whole of 52 Kent Street to his family alone.  Things must have been looking better.

McKew’s Executor was an intelligent and worldly business man, with a persistent solicitor who smelled a rat.  They brought a civil claim against Pat Troy for damages for the period of the unpaid rent since McKew’s death. This meant they did not believe the Deed of Gift was genuine. They won their civil case.  (Sydney Gazette, Monday 30 June 1828)

Immediately the civil case finished the judge ordered Troy, Bradley and Lawrie to be charged with forgery. Lawrie had vanished already straight after he gave evidence at the court hearing.  Troy and Bradley were put into gaol forthwith. (per Sydney Gazette, Monday 39 June 1828)

CRIMINAL TRIAL FOR FORGERY, COUNTERFEITING & INTENT TO DEFRAUD.
Pat Troy was never free again.  He was tried with Bradley at a criminal trial for forgery, counterfeiting with intent to defraud, - 12 counts in all because of the various beneficiaries under the Will who would have been defrauded. The trial was held on Monday 22 September 1822 and fully reported in the Sydney Gazette dated 24 September 1828. Troy’s brother-in-law, Francis Spencer, was a crucial witness against them, reporting their attempts to involve him in the forgery. They were found guilty that day and remanded for sentencing.

Sentencing was on Tuesday 30th September.  To be executed.  The judge told them not to hold out even the most distant hope of mercy. There was none. Sydney Gazette, Wednesday 1 October 1828.

Monday 20 October 1828, Patrick Troy and Joseph Bradley were hanged with 7 other men at the same time in the back yard of Sydney Gaol, watched by a huge crowd from the street on the rocks up above.

CHILDREN’s POSTSCRIPT

December 1828 - Troy’s four eldest children were placed by their mother into the two orphanages for boys and girls respectively.  The eldest was aged 9 the youngest of these four kids only a little girl of 4.  Elizabeth Troy kept the youngest, George with her and remarried in 1830 to their ex-convict servant, James Bryan or O”Bryan,  She never took her other four children back again. She hd a completely new family with O’Bryan.

The second boy, Patrick was released from the Orphanage into an apprenticeship to a cabinet maker, James Brady, which he was perhaps never capable of undertaking,  At the age of 22 in March 1842 he was found wandering the streets and reportedly “has for some considerable time past been a source of great annoyance to the Police. Wandering about the streets at all hours of the night, and sleeping in ruined or unfinished buildings, seems to be his chief delight. He is an apprentice to Mr. Brady, the cabinet maker, of Pitt street, who has tried all means in his power to keep him in the house, but in vain.”  Since Mr Brady entered bankruptcy proceedings in June 1842, he was probably not in a position to take much interest in his simple ‘apprentice’.

While he was brought before the police bench regularly, it was only on 9 June 1842 that Patrick Troy, a simpleton apparently, was finally placed into the Tarban Creek Lunatic Asylum. It appears he was not released, suffering from a “dementia” which would have been a general imbecility of the mind.  Was his whole case worsened by the ordeal of his father being hanged and he being put into the loveless environment of an orphanage? No doubt.

Patrick Troy Jnr was probably the saddest victim of his father’s misguided attempt to look after his family through dishonest means, contrary to all his previous endeavours, principles and behaviours.

Judith Wood on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Sarah Forward:

Married William Jaynes 1830 in Launceston. William committed suicide in 1849. No record of Sarah after this time.

Judith Wood on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Charlotte Goodall:

Husband tried with her (Sharp). He went to Sydney. Married Alfred Seaker 1831 in Tasmania. Died of burns on 21 Sept 1848 Hobart Tasmania

Judith Wood on 28th October, 2014 wrote of Mary Govier:

Died at sea a day after giving birth to a stillborn child.

Anne Bruce on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Henry Robins:

He was granted Ticket of Leave 30/11/1847.

D Wong on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Margaret Ash:

1/12/1826 Old Bailey:
326. MARGARET ASH was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of December , 1 sheet, value 3s., the goods of Moses Solomons , in a lodging-room.

ESTHER SOLOMONS . I am the wife of Moses Solomons - we live on Great Saffron-hill . The prisoner came to lodge with us about seven weeks ago, and hired a furnished room, for 4s. per week. I agreed to give her a clean pair of sheets every month; I went into the room, and missed the sheet - she said it was out to wash; I sent for an officer - she then owed me three weeks rent. I believed she was in great distress, and that this was her first offence.

RICHARD HARE . I found the duplicate of this sheet on the prisoner.

WILLIAM CREED . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Gray’s Inn-lane. This sheet was pawned by the prisoner, on the 21st of December. (Property produced and sworn to.)

The prisoner pleaded distress.
GUILTY . Aged 38.
Transported for Seven Years .

Margaret was described by the ship’s surgeon as a decent well behaved woman.
She stated that she had not seen her husband for 14 years and did not know if he was alive or dead.

12/5/1832: CP

31/12/1832: Permission to marry Thomas Finester/Forester (free) (Countess of Harcourt 1821).

D Wong on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Thomas Forrester:

Thomas Forrester was 35 years old, 5’3 1/2” tall, brown hair, hazel eyes.
Native place: Burley, Shropshire.

Thomas was married with 1 child at Newcastle, Stafford.

1832: Permission to marry Margaret Ash (Sir Charles Forbes 1826).

D Wong on 27th October, 2014 wrote of John Aylett:

John Aylett was 18 years old on arrival in VDL.

John was 5’1 1/2” tall, fair complexion, light brown hair, brown eyes, single, anchor inside left arm.

Conduct record bad: 6/2/1844: Sent to Port Arthur for absconding-hard labour for 2 years.

6/3/1844: 3rd Class.

D Wong on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Henry Robins:

Henry Robins was 18 years old on arrival.  He was born in Brackley, Northamptonshire.

Henry was 5’6 1/3” tall, brown complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, scar on thumb of left hand, could read and write a little, was protestant and single.

1/12/1846: Recommended for a CP
30/11/1847: CP

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Mary Dodd:

Married Joseph Barrett 24 March 1831 at Launceston. Died at New Town Pauper Est. of bronchitis.

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Mary Ann Barber:

Died at sea.

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Margaret Ash:

Husband Anthony Ash a German. Was not living with him.

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Mary Anstey:

Stealing a handkerchief from a man. Was married to George Anstey, a pencil maker, White Chapel.

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Henry Robins:

Mother Elizabeth; brothers John, William, Benjamin, Charles. Sister Eliza and Betsey. Religion Portestant

Judith Wood on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Christiana Dickson:

Widowed. Husband died c1898. Was constantly drunk when in Tasmania. Died at the New Norfolk Lunatic Asylum.

Anne Bruce on 27th October, 2014 wrote of Henry Robins:

Arrived in Hobart 25/12/1845.

Neil Hart on 26th October, 2014 wrote of William George Jackson:

Age: 27
Crime: Stealing two ewes

Neil Hart on 26th October, 2014 wrote of John Aylett:

Age: 16
Crime: Stealing a gelding

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