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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

You can help grow this resource by contributing your own findings on any convict page by pressing the Contribute to this record button.

Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 New Convicts

A big thanks to everyone who contributed a convict - we reached our original target of 100 new convicts in less than a month, and have had an amazing 3,113 new convicts added in total!

Our current goal of 3,611 is special in that it means we will have discovered roughly 1 in 10 convicts who were missing from the original records!

If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 32,999 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.

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Goal: 15,000 Contributions

By contributing you will bring the community a step closer to a goal of 15,000 contributions. We currently have 11,994 contributions.

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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Christopher Nowlan:

Christopher was 23 years old on arrival and was single.

1835: TOL Cassilis

1840: Application to marry Mary Edwards aged 15 (free).

20/1/1846: Admitted to Newcastle from Sydney:  To be sent for trial for cattle stealing.

1/7/1841: Recommended for CP
1/7/1841: CP

This was found on the NSW Gov. Records website: http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/publications/now-then-enewsletter/now-and-then-59-december-2012

Treasures in the records
It is not that often that we come across objects when looking through State archives. Vicki Wilson (researcher and volunteer) was surprised to find a small metal box while researching Supreme Court Deposition papers [NRS 880]. Deposition papers are the trial papers of the Supreme Court; the cases relate to various crimes including murder, manslaughter, perjury and larceny.
The small tin was discovered in the trial papers of one Christopher Nowlan - a convict who arrived on the Phoenix in 1826 - who was tried at the Maitland Circuit Court in 1845 for Cattle Stealing [9/6334].
So, why was the tin placed with these papers?
Evidence of freedom
The tin was presented as evidence during the trial. Sergeant William Lane of the mounted police, who arrested Nowlan, described in his statement that he questioned Nowlan upon arrest and asked him if he was a free man. Nowlan presented him with the tin as proof of his freedom; inside was a folder letter from the Colonial Secretary’s Office, a reply to a petition for a Conditional Pardon.
It was quite usual for a convict to carry his/her Certificate of Freedom, Pardon, or Ticket of Leave in case he/she was stopped and asked to present it.
Sergeant Lane demanded, “Where is your freedom?” and Nowlan answered, “In Sydney!”
The story goes that Nowlan had lost his freedom while on Parramatta road. When Lane asked how it was lost, Nowlan described in detail how he had been robbed by two men - one tall, one short and both armed with soldiers muskets and wearing Cabbage tree hats. Lane stated he thought it strange that Nowlan didn’t go to Sydney for a replacement Freedom. Nowlan said he didn’t care about it because he had the Government letter and he was using the letter as proof of his freedom. Lane checked the contents of the tin case which included the Government letter plus two tortoise shell lancets (cutting instruments [scalpels] with a double-edged blades - see photograph).
‘There are photographs on the website which cannot be re-produced here’.
 
This tin is an exciting find! Before reading the deposition we were wondering why it was within the court papers.The vivid description supplied by Sergeant Lane explains why the tin case was kept with the papers and painted a clear picture of the scene of the arrest.

D Wong on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Charles Mcloughlin:

Charles McLoughlin/Laughlin was 41 years old on arrival.  He was married with 6 children.

1837: TOL Patrick Plains
1840: TOL Patrick Plains.

Dawn McIntyre on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Catherine Lattimore:

Married John Riley son of Susannah Nairn
Died 11 June 1868 Kurrajong, NSW

Dawn McIntyre on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Susannah Nairn:

Parents Thomas Nairn and Susannah Smith

Dawn McIntyre on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Susannah Nairn:

Son John Riley married in 1814 Catherine Lattimore convict per Wanstead

Dawn McIntyre on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of John Hall:

Married Martha Truckle 1842
Died Whittingham, NSW 1854
Inquest Singleton, NSW - cause of death - Intemperence

Dawn McIntyre on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Martha Truckle:

Baptised 1823 Portsmouth, Hampshire Father Daniel, Mother, Maria.
Married John Hall (convict Captain Cook 2) 25 Jan 1842
Married James Wilson 23 July 1855
Had previous convictions for larceny, several sisters also transported

D Wong on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of James Halpin:

30/8/1827 The Monitor, Sydney:
Judgment of the Court upon William Storey and James Halpin, for a burglary, and robbery in the
dwelling house of William’ Knight at Parramatta.
Death Recorded. Then sent to Moreton Bay.

William Storey arrived per “Henry Porcher 1825”, he died at the Norfolk Island Hospital on 9/1/1838.

D Wong on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of William Storey:

William was 17 years old on arrival and was transported for “wearing apparel”.

Colonial Secretary Papers:
STOREY, William. Per “Henry Porcher”, 1825

1825 Dec 9: On list of convicts landed from the “Henry Porcher” and forwarded to Parramatta for distribution (Reel 6016; 4/3516 p.104)

30/8/1827 The Monitor, Sydney:
Judgment of the Court upon William Storey and James Halpin, for a burglary, and robbery in the
dwelling house of William’ Knight at Parramatta.
Death Recorded.

James Halpin arrived on the Asia 1824 and he died at Moreton Bay on 31/3/1835.

9/1/1838: William died at the Norfolk Island Hospital.

Sharyn Van Den Broek on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Catherine Jones:

Catherine was tried at the same time as her sister, Elizabeth, for the same crime and they were sent away together on the ‘Sovereign’ on 14 July 1827 and arrived in Hobart on the 20th November 1827.

Catherine married another convict, Thomas Radcliffe on 17th Jan 1831.

Sharyn Van Den Broek on 23rd November, 2014 wrote of Thomas Radcliffe:

Thomas was 5ft 5 & a quarter inches tall, with Hazel eyes, black hair and a fair/freckled ruddy complexion.  It was noted he was ‘well behaved’ on the ‘Surrey’. It was noted he was 32yrs of age. He landed in Hobart 29SEP1818.

Thomas married Catherine Jones on the 17th Jan 1831.

Carol Axton-Thompson on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Jonathan Shadbolt:

Update on family relationships: Jonathan was not a brother to Solomon - Solomon was his uncle.
He was a brother to Benjamin.
He was a cousin to George.

Carol Axton-Thompson on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Jonathan Shadbolt:

Left Tasmania and went to the goldfields in Western Australia.

D Wong on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Charles Mcmanus:

Charles McManus was tried at Enniskillen-Fermanagh which was also his native place.

30/9/1838: Convict Death Register: Charles died at the Newcastle Hospital, aged 35 (birth date is out).

D Wong on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Francis Powers:

Old Bailey:
FRANCIS POWERS, Theft > pocketpicking, 10th April 1834.

Reference Number: t18340410-139
Offence: Theft > pocketpicking
Verdict: Guilty > with recommendation
Punishment: Transportation

FRANCIS POWERS was indicted for stealing, on the 30th of June , 1 handkerchief, value 1s., the goods of John Willmott , from his person .

JOHN WILLMOTT. I am prompter at Drury-lane Theatre . On the 30th June, between two and three o’clock in the afternoon, I was in Drury-lane - I had just used my handkerchief, and put it in my outside coat pocket - I almost instantly felt a twitch - I turned round and saw the prisoner, and said, “You have my pocket handkerchief” - he instantly ran across the road - a gentleman caught him, and said, “What has he done?” - the gentleman put his hand to his side pocket, and drew it out - I gave him in charge - I had the handkerchief, but it is worn out now - I am certain it was mine.
ROBERT DRIVER . I am a policeman. I received him in charge.

Prisoner’s Defence. I was going down Drury-lane just by Leg-alley - I saw a handkerchief on the ground - I picked it up - nobody owned it, and I put it into my pocket.
GUILTY. Aged 12. - Recommended to mercy on account of his youth . - Transported for Seven Years .

November 1835: Convict Death Register – Francis died at Segenhoe, NSW.  He was listed as a ‘boy’ and he would have been 14 years old.

D Wong on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of George Beggs:

George Beggs is listed as “Biggs” on most records after his arrival.

George was 19 years old on arrival and was listed as a “Lunatic”.

1837: Assigned to the AA Company at Port Stephens.
“Listed as Biggs”.

19/3/1850: Convict Death Register - George died aged 37 at the Parramatta Lunatic Establishment.

Lee Sutton on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Hannah Wardle:

Hannah Wardle(nee Ploughright)was born to William Ploughright & Elizabeth Halladay in Shepshed, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England on 20 Aug 1797. On 3 Sept 1821 she married John Mountney Wardle and they had John Wardle Jnr in 1822 and Elizabeth Wardle in 1826. Hannah was convicted on 21 Aug 1829 of receiving a quantity of leather, knowing it to have been stolen. She was sentenced to be transported to Van Diemans Land for 14 years (Convict Record No 73549). She was transported on the ship Eliza on 3 Nov 1829 and arrived in Van Diemans Land (Tasmania) on 24 February 1830. On 23 Oct 1833 her husband John arrived aboard the “Lonarch” with their two children. In 1834 she had another daughter Mary Ann Wardle and on 3 Feb 1838 she was granted a conditional pardon No. 1579, She was assigned to her husband. These pardons meant she could never return to Great Britain. On 23 Dec 1838 she had another son William Wardle. In 1849 the family moved to Victoria,  on 11 August 1849 her husband John died.
Hannah died from Asthma in 1860 at Woodstock, Victoria. She was buried on 15 May 1860 at Yan Yean, Victoria

Lee Sutton on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Hannah Wardle:

Death Certificate of Hannah Wardle(5214/1860)

D Wong on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of Henry Raffin:

Old Bailey:
HENRY RAFFIN, Theft > stealing from master, 9th April 1829.

Reference Number: t18290409-309
Offence: Theft > stealing from master
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Transportation

HENRY RAFFIN was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of March , 5 pairs of shoes, value 9s. 6d., and I pair of boots, value 16s., the goods of Joseph Preston , his master .
JOSEPH PRESTON . I keep a shop in Seacoal-lane -The prisoner was in my employ on the 1st of March, and on the 3d of March I missed my boots and shoes, which were safe in my shop about twelve o’clock on the 2d of March; I was in the habit of taking my goods home at night, and when I went that night I could not get admittance - the next morning I sent my lad for the goods; he came back, and gave me information - I went, and we could not get in; I went with an officer in the evening, about ten o’clock - the property was gone; we raised a ladder, and found the prisoner in a top room.

Cross-examined by MR. BODKIN. Q. How long has the shop been opened? A. I think about a fortnight; it had been empty, but I do not know that loose persons went to sleep there - the prisoner used to sleep there; I had his direction from his brother, and had him taken into custody - I live in Moor-lane.
CHARLES SENIOR . I am a boot and shoemaker. On the 2d or 3d of March, a man came into my shop with five pairs of mended-up shoes, and asked my 6s. for them - I gave him 5s.; on the 5th of March the prosecutor came and claimed one pair of them; I bought them of a man a good deal like the prisoner, but cannot swear it was him.
Cross-examined by MR. BODKIN. Q Are you in the habit of buying of many persons who hawk shoes about? A. Yes.
JAMES BARNET . On the 2d of March, in the evening, I bought this pair of boots, but I do not know of whom - it was a person I never saw before; I do not think the prisoner is the person - I said so before the Magistrate, because the person - I bought them of was very dirty; he was about the prisoner’s size - I do not think he is the man.
ANTHONY REPTON . I took the prisoner in Maidenhead-court; I received these boots from Barnet, who said he bought them of the prisoner - the prisoner made no answer.

GUILTY . Aged 23.
Transported for Seven Years .

1836: TOL Pitt Town
1842: TOL Paterson
31/8/1846: COF

No further records found.

D Wong on 22nd November, 2014 wrote of James Ross:

James Ross was 18 years old when transported.

1845: TOL Port Macquarie
30/6/1846: TOL Passport - on the recommendation of Mrs Riley.

1846: Married Harriet Campbell at St Andrews, Sydney.  No children found.

30/4/1847: TOL Passport - on the application of Mr Ross.

3/9/1850: CP

Sharyn Van Den Broek on 21st November, 2014 wrote of Elizabeth Jones:

Elizabeth was sentenced and transported, for the same crime as her younger sister Catherine.

Elizabeth is my 3rd Great Grandmother.

Kevin G Raffin on 21st November, 2014 wrote of Henry Raffin:

died

Stephen Hatcher on 21st November, 2014 wrote of Mary Duff:

Precognition against Mary Anderson, Hugh Anderson, John Anderson, Sarah Anderson for the crime of theft by housebreaking

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON19-1-13,570,20,F,58

http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON40-1-3,296,57,C,200

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Gilbert

http://melbourneday.com.au/about.html

Barry Peachey on 21st November, 2014 wrote of Samuel Gosney:

Certificate of Freedom 8th July 1847. Continued work as a cordwainer up to at least 1853. (see Cornwell Chronicle, Launceston for 16th July 1853)
Married Elizabeth Shean at Westbury, Tasmania 16th April 1855.
Last known newspaper entry for him is for 1880 in the Hobart Town Gazette.
Last record for him is in the Evening News for Tuesday May 20th 1890. This records his sudden death on Saturday last at between 12-1’0’ clock at Havant, Hampshire, England.
A conditional pardon for a convict removed all restrictions except the right to leave the Colony. Samuel Gosney must have reentered England illegally.

Megan Tilley on 20th November, 2014 wrote of Matthew Edwards:

Lived in the Cassilis District as a Cattle Jobber.
Married Ann Seary and had 3 daughters
- Mary married Christy Nowlan (Convict)
- Ellen married William Henry Worrad (Convict)
- Elizbeth

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