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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 30,415 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.


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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 29th September, 2016 wrote of John Gover:

Medical and surgical journal of the convict ship John Barry
Folio 3: John Gover, aged 26; case number 4; disease or hurt, dysentery. Put on sick list, 20 May 1834 at sea; discharged 4 June 1834 cured.

John Gover was 26 on arrival and was transported for “Stealing in a Dwelling House above £5”.

John was single, 5’ 5” tall, grey eyes, brown hair, scar on forehead.
His occupation was listed as ‘Wheelwright & Gents. Servant”.

18/4/1835: John died aged 28 at H.M. Colonial Hospital.

D Wong on 29th September, 2016 wrote of Samuel Gaskin:

Samuel Gaskin was 34 years old on arrival and was transported for ‘stealing two asses’.

Medical and surgical journal of the convict ship John Barry 1834:
Folio 5: Samuel Gaskin, aged 40; case number 9; disease or hurt, dysentery. Put on sick list, 16 June 1834 at sea; discharged 28 June 1834 cured.

Samuel was born in Balsover, Derby, he was 5’8” tall, brown hair, hazel eyes, scar back of right hand.

Married, 1 child and Wife Mary at Native Place: Bolsover

1835: Muster: Invalided.

11/5/1835: Wardsman at the Port Barracks

6/10/1840: TOL

11/2/1843: Was working in the Government Garden.

7/1/18245: TOL

4/1/1845: Was a watchman.

D Wong on 28th September, 2016 wrote of Samuel Gaskin:

Samuel Gaskin was married;  Wife Ann &c in Kingsland Road Shoreditch.

Previous convictions: once for house breaking at Maldon - tried and accquitted.

1830-1833 Musters: Public Works
1835: Assigned to Mr. Ratcliffe.

By 1839: Had TOL

11/1/1839 Hobart Town Courier:
Samuel Gaskin, a ticket-of-leave man, and John West, a Government labourer, were charged with being out after hours. Mr.
District Constable Watkins stated he was in the course of his rounds about 11 o’clock the preceding night, and hearing much merriment at the Bee Hive public-house, he stepped in and joined the party by way of reconnoitre, where he found the waiter and another channting a glee, an amateur at the pianoforte, and West reciting, and six or seven constables, of different sorts, listening to the amusement. He took those he supposed to be prisoners out of the house, and ordered the constables out, and this morning he discovered the glee singer, Gaskin, applying for his pass, and then he found he was a ticket-of-leave man, and therefore detained him. Gaskin was ordered to the treadwheel 14 days, and ticket suspended.
The constables were told to be in readiness for an exhibition before the Chief Police Magistrate, and Mr. West was ordered to take a part in low comedy, on the roads, for four months.

30/7/1839 Colonial Times, Hobart:
Samuel Gaskin, Matthew Oaks, John Davis, and Richard Towser, committed for stealing wheat, the property of Mr. Lackey, were placed at the bar. -
John Davis, I shall recommend you for a pardon, as it does not appear to me you were a participator in the theft at the time it was committed, although there can be little doubt you knew it was to be committed.
Although I recommend you for a pardon, it is very likely you will stand before the Judge who will preside at the next assises, as an accessory before the fact.
There can be no doubt of you Gaskin and Oakes, and it is useless for you and Towser now to say that you are innocent ; you were there at the time, and knew that the property was in the act of being
stolen ; you were, probably, not to have had so large of the plunder, but of that I know nothing. - Your case and that of Gaskin, are the worst, and I shall make a distinction between them and the case of (paper is creased here, but it looks like) Samuel Gaskin, Matthew Oaks and Richard Towser be transported for the term of’seven years; and that you Matthew Oakes be imprisoned in the Gaol of Hobart Town for the period of twelve months-you will not be kept there, but will be taken therefrom and worked upon the roads in chains.

1843-1844: Applied many times for permission to marry Mary Conoway (Nautilius 1838) - permission refused because he could not show that his wife in England had died.

1846: Free Certificate.

8/1/1847: Mary Conoway died as Mary Gaskin (so they must have married-no info found).

31/3/1847: Permission to marry Mary Winkle (Greenlaw 1844).

2/5/1847: Married at Launceston - he was 35?? and a shipwright - she was 25.
8/1/1850: Mary died being accidently burnt when her clothes caught on fire.

No date of death found for Samuel.

D Wong on 28th September, 2016 wrote of Mary Winkle:

Mary Winkle was 23 years old on arrival and was transported for ‘Stealing £4.19.6.

Mary was 5’1” tall, brown hair, blue eyes, illiterate, pockpitted, scar under left eye, single.

31/3/1837: Permission to marry Samuel Gaskin (Clyde 1830) he was free.

2/5/1847: Married at Launceston - he was 35 and a shipwright (previously married to Mary Conoway, (Nautilus 1838) she died 8/1/1847).-

22/8/1848: TOL

8/5/1850: Mary died - accidently burnt - she was very drunk at the time and her clothes caught on fire.

D Wong on 28th September, 2016 wrote of Mary Conoway:

National Records of Scotland:
1838: Precognition against Mary Conoway, John Conoway for the crime of theft, habit and repute, and previous conviction.

Trial papers relating to John Conoway, Mary Conoway for the crime of reset of theft. Tried at High Court, Glasgow
John Conoway, Verdict: Guilty, Sentence: Imprisonment - 9 months. Note: Pannel to serve sentence in the Bridewell of Glasgow.
Mary Conoway, Verdict: Guilty, Sentence: Transportation - 7 years

Mary was the daughter of John Conoway, she was estimated to be 21 years old on arrival, her native place was Glasgow.

This offence: Stealing money from the person - once for a watch 6 mos and once discharged for about a dozen years on the Town.

Mary was 4’ 11 1/2” tall, dark brown hair, hazel eyes, blind in left eye, single, reads.  Her occupations: Housemaid/laundry maid/cotton spinner.

18/9/1843: Permission to marry Samuel Gaskin (Clyde 1830) - Refused - because he showed no proof that his wife in England had died - they applied many times the las time was 25/4/1844.

15/10/1844: TOL

1846: Free Certificate.

8/1/1847: Mary died as Mary Gaskin, aged 28 at Launceston Pauper Establishment.

Samuel Gaskin then married Mary Winkle/Winkell (Greenlaw 1844)

Webster on 28th September, 2016 wrote of Eleanor Sullivan:

H.Piper was Mary Kellys Husband.

Chris Allan on 28th September, 2016 wrote of John Negus:

Newspaper articles about his crime and sentencing.

The Hertford Mercury
BARLEY - INCENDIARY FIRE.  On the night of Saturday last, about twelve o’clock, a fire broke out in the stackyard of Mr. John Burgess, at Barley, which soon communicated to the whole of the stacks, to the barns, and finally, to the whole farm premises on that side of the road, including three large barns, five bullock and other sheds, stabling, granary, and other buildings; two cottages were also fired, and soon, after the appearance of the first conflagration, scarcely a vestige of the stacks and buildings, standing on upwards, of two acres of ground, was to be seen.
  Police-constable Lawford, who happened to be near the spot where the fire broke out, alarmed Mr. Burgess, and others, and with their assistance, cleared the yard of the stock, consisting of a number of fat bullocks, fat pigs, several horses, and cows and calves, which otherwise must have been sacrificed to the flames.  A poor woman, the wife of a labourer, laid in a dying state in one of the cottages destroyed by the fire.  She was hastily removed from her bed and taken to a neighbour’s house, where she died the same night.
  Inspector Wright and other police constables immediately instituted an inquiry, and a result was the apprehension of a young labourer named John Negus, who had been working for Mr. Burgess, but was discharged on Saturday night.  He was taken to the Royston station early on the Sunday morning, and on the evening of the same day expressed some anxiety to see Mr. Burgess immediately.  Inspector Wright accordingly sent for that gentleman and on his arrival the prisoner made a full confession of his guilt.  On Tuesday evening the prisoner was taken before J.G.Fordham, Esq., and fully committed to take trial at the next assizes.  Fortunately, but little corn was destroyed, but the damage done is notwithstanding considerable, being no less than 1800l.  The farm belongs to C.J.Dimsdale, Esq., and is insured inthe Sun Fire Office, Mr Burgess is insured in The Phoenix.

Essex Herald - TUESDAY 16TH JULY 1850
  TRIAL - John Negus pleaded guilty to a charge of having, on the night of the 18th of May, at the parish of Barley, unlawfully, maliciously, and feloniously, set fire to a stack of straw, whereby the said stack and divers farm buildings, the property of John Burgess, were destroyed.  Mr Justice Erle, in passing sentence, said there were some circumstances in the case one deserving of considerable mitigation; and therefore, the sentence on him would not be as severe as in other cases of the same description.  Still as the crime was one of great magnitude, the sentence must be a heavy one. - SENTENCED TO BE TRANSPORTED FOR 15 YEARS.

Webster on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Eleanor Sullivan:

Eleanor’s husband may have been a Matthew G Kelly soldier with the 73rd Regiment in NSW 1810 -1814. In 1819 Eleanor applied to the Orphan Board, this was rejected. Kelly may have been killed in Ceylon with the 73rd?

Debbie Cook on 27th September, 2016 wrote of James Brigg:

this is my grandfather 5 x his real name was Bugg not Briggs the constabulary said his real name was offensive and changed it to Briggs when he was finally pardoned he changed his name back to Bugg.

D Wong on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Charles Clargis:

Listed as Clayes on the Irish Convict records, also as Clarges, Clayes, Clargess on Tasmanian Convict records.

Charles Clargis was 17 years old on arrival, (Tasmanian Records him as 19 years old) he was transported for ‘Burglary and robbery’.

16/9/1819: Arrived in VDL per ‘Admiral Cockburn’.

Charles was 5’ 4 1/2” tall, brown hair and eyes.

7/7/1823: Had a TOL - fined for being drunk

8/2/1825: Was a Constable - Neglect of duty - To forfeit his TOL and dismissed from his office.

19/10/1825: COF

24/3/1827 Hobart Town Gazette:
Charles Clarges was bound to appear a the Supreme Court for assaulting John Green, overseer of the chain gang - no outcome found.

16/7/1829: Listed as free.

12/12/1838: Permission to marry Hannah Gorman aged 29 and listed as a widow (Arab 1836)
21/3/1839: Married at St Matthews, New Norfolk - no children listed.
(From research on Hannah (see her profile page) it looks like they were not living together after a while, she died in 1854 - no other marriage found).

21/12/1876: Charles died aged 83?? at Brickfields Pauper Establishment - of Senilis.  Listed as a labourer.

Robert Sear on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Samuel Gaskin:

Samuel was baptized at St James Church Clerkenwell , London on 2 June 1805, the parish record also list his date of birth as 13 May 1805. His parents were Joseph Gaskin and Ann Percival who were married in the same church on 1st October 1792.
Samuel’s crime was to steal a pony the prpoerty of William Booth at Walworth in London

D Wong on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Hannah Gorman:

Hannah Gorman was born in Dublin and was transported for ‘Stealing 1 Sovereign 2 half Crowns & other Money’ from the person.

Other convictions for: once 6 months for a Watch, once 7 days for Drunkenness.

Hannah was 5’2” tall, pale complexion, dark brown hair, blue eyes, scar on right thumb, scar on right eyebrow.

4 years on the Town, Married 1 child, Husband Daniel at Manchester a Tailor, I left my Husband 4 years ago.

12/12/1838: Permission to marry Charles Clargis (Bencoolen 1819).
21/3/1839: Married at St Matthews, New Norfolk - Hannah listed as a widow, 29 years old.  No issue found.

28/9/1840: TOL
13/10/1840: TOL revoked for misconduct.

1841: TOL
1842: Free Certificate

27/10/1848 Colonial Times, Hobart:
Hannah Gorman, alias Clarges. Was also sentenced to six months’ imprisonment for being absent from the service of her master. Mr Jones, Liverpool-street, from 20th Sept to 26th Oct.
This woman likewise had but recently left the Factory for a similar offence

26/4/1845 Colonial Times, Hobart:
William Newton was charged with stealing certain articles from the dwelling-house of John Adams, in Bathurst-street, on the 22nd March, and Hannah Clargess with feloniously receiving the same,knowing them to have been stolen.
There was nothing particular or unusual in this case. Adams and his wife left their house about six o’clock, and when they came back
one of the windows had been taken out, and several articles taken away.
Newton was seen coming from the house with a bundle, and the property was found in the house of the female prisoner.
They were both found Guilty.
Both were sentenced to transportation for 7 years.

15/11/1849: The Tasmanian Colonist:
Charles Tomlinson, James King, Susan Hughes, and Hannah Gorman, were placed at bar, and charged by Detective Constable Joseph Jackson, with feloniously and burglariously entering the dwelling-house of Mrs. Warren, in Bathurst street, and stealing therefrom five cedar chairs, a mahogany tea caddy, and various other articles of furniture.
They wore fully committed for trial - no outcome found.

18/12/1854: Hannah Gorman, aged 40, at Hobart - prostitute.

K.R.Watling on 27th September, 2016 wrote of James Watling:

James Watling was the son of Robert Watling and his wife Rebecca, nee Oakes, transport to what is now Tasmania.

He married Jane Roberts, nee Mardsden, we know of at least one son, Theodore, born 1851 and who married Elizabeth Oliver in 1874. They had 11 children, three of whom served in the 1st World War, one in France and two who were killed at Gallipoli R.I.P
His sister Rebecca had been transported to Tasmania about 5 years before him, his descendants thrive in Tasmania to this present day.

K.R.Watling on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Rebecca Watling:

Rebecca Watling, daughter of Robert Watling and his wife Rebecca, nee Oakes in 1837 to what is now Tasmania, there she married John Gibson

K.R.Watling on 27th September, 2016 wrote of George Watling:

George Watling was born in Marlingford, Norfolk, to John Watling and his wife Ann, nee Wells.
He was Tried at Norwich Lent Assizes for robbing Farmer Kirk Pitcher in Marlingford on the 21st,December 1834, he was found ‘not guilty’.

How then did he end up being transported on the ‘Strathfield Saye’ as a convict to Botany Bay ?

It would seem that at his trial he was identified as the person who robbed another man on the 20th. of December 1834 at Barford in Norfolk, and he was brought before the next Assizes at Norwich later the same year and found ‘Guilty M’Lud’, the Bounder.

In Australia he married 1st,Mary Ann King and 2nd. Elizabeth Adams, he had issue with both (this is still under investigation), he got his Ticket to Leave in 1849, but stayed on in Australia.

“The family was very proud of our George,
Here he was going overseas on Government business, the first time in his life the lad had ever owned a suit”.

“It was a pity about the large broad arrows plastered all over it, he would have preferred a more tradition Herring Bone, we were surprised about the Ball and Chain, normally it would have been a watch and chain attached to ones waistcoat, not a big black iron ball shackled to the ankle.

Before anyone should ask, I am descended from his brother Charles who did not have any involvement in George’s crime spree, Charles was already doing time for Night Poaching.

Not a lotta people know that and there is a lot more from where that came from.

D Wong on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Susan Brannon:

Listed as Brannon on NSW Convict Gov. records and Irish Convicts records.

Susan Brannon was listed as 17 years old on arrival - birth dates of 1821 and 1818 found.  Her occupation was a ‘Kitchenmaid’, she was single.

1842: Married Thomas Smith (America 1838) - 7?? children.

21/8/1845: COF

10/7/1874 The Sydney Morning Herald:
THE FRIENDS of Mr. THOMAS SMITH are respectfully invited to attend the Funeral of his late deceased WIFE, Susan ; to move from his residence, Bathurst-street, near Kent-street, THIS (Friday)
AFTERNOON, at half-past 2 o’clock, for the Necropolis.
J. and G. SHYING and CO., 719, George-street South.

of Bullanaming-street, Redfern, are invited to attend
the Funeral of his late deceased MOTHER, Susan;
to move from Bathurst-street, near Kent-street, THIS (Friday) AFTERNOON, at half-past 2 o’clock.
J. and G. SHYING and CO., 120, Oxford-street.

Graeme Hands on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Thomas Smith:

Thomas married another Convict Susan Brennan on 8th November 1842 at Kelso - Bathurst.  Susan Brennan arrived on the Diamond 15th November 1837.
Thomas was 5 foot 3,  Ruddy Complexion, Broken Nose, and hazel eyes.

Scott Young on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Thomas Savell:

Indicted on 13th June 1817,Convicted on the 2nd July 1817 for stealing four Scottish cows , borrowing one dog to do such whilst in company of Thomas Coleman from a farmer at Childerditch, in Essex.- Executed in Tasmania for sheep stealing on the 27/7/1826…recorded as surname Savill/e in convict records applying to Lady Castlereagh in various forms.

Scott Young on 27th September, 2016 wrote of Thomas Coleman:

Indicted on 13th June 1817,Convicted on the 2nd July 1817 for stealing four Scottish cows , borrowing one dog to do such whilst in company of others from a farmer at Childerditch, in Essex.

Anonymous on 26th September, 2016 wrote of Harriet Neat:

Harriet was found guilty of stealing 5 straw bonnets to the value of 25 shillings.
Transported to Van Diemans Land via NSW in 1818. She married and bore to children to her husband William Davis a former convict.

D Wong on 26th September, 2016 wrote of William Wigmore:

William Wigmore was 23 years old on arrival and was transported for ‘Desertion - being absent for one hour’.

William was born at Frampton, Gloucestersire, he was 5’ 6” tall, fair complexion, red hair, grey eyes, single, can read, Pockpitted and freckled sailor inside rt arm Soldier Bugle cross swords crown W inside left arm a Soldier Branded D.

Father Thomas a hatter at native place.
Brothers: Thomas, Henry.
Sister: Mary at London.

Conduct Record: Empty.

118/11/1848: TOL
Sept. 1851: Recommended cor a CP

Jan 1853: TOL Revoked

12/4/1854: Permission to marry Janet Adams (Sir Robert Seppings 1852) - no marriage registered - sh married William Birch in 1856.
July 1854: COF

6/3/1860: Married Janette Johnson alias Conway - she was 47 and a widow, he was 42 and a labourer - married at Clarence.

10/11/1877: Janette died (listed as Janet) she had been addicted to drink for a long time and was run over by a Engine on the main line railway on her way home.

11/4/1882: Married Julia Shellswell at Hobart - she was a widow.

1/8/1883: William was a gardener - summoned for failing to maintain his wife - he was earning 25s per week.

8/8/1891: William died aged 76 of Senile Debility - listed as a Labourer - buried at the Cornelian Bay Cemetery, paupers section.

8/8/1891 Tasmanian News, Hobart:
Sudden Death.
An elderly man, named William Wigmore, died suddenly about 3 p.m. today at his residence, 112 Harrington street.  Deceased has been ill for some time and has been attended as an out-patient of the Hospital by Dr. Barnard

Karen Laundry on 26th September, 2016 wrote of John Cheetham:

New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, 1826-1851
He Married Margaret Saunders 11th April 1836
Request Status Granted
Date of Permission/Refusal 11 Apr 1836

Nell Murphy on 26th September, 2016 wrote of William Hanley:

William HANLEY was convicted Sept 1818 and given a 7yr transportation sentence. Sent to New South Wales, Australia per the ‘Bencoolen’ 1819 then transferred to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ‘Admiral Cockburn’.

Some records of misconduct.
Ticket of Leave granted.

Nell Murphy on 26th September, 2016 wrote of Peter Hand:

Peter HAND was convicted August 1818 and received a 7yr transportation sentence. Sent to New South Wales, Australia per the ‘Bencoolen’ 1819 then transferred to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ‘Admiral Cockburn’.

Ticket of Leave granted.

D Wong on 26th September, 2016 wrote of Elizabeth Riley:

Listed as Eliza Coyle on the Irish Convicts database - Eliza was 22 years old on arrival in NSW.

Colonial Secretary Papers:
COYLE, Eliza or REILLY. Per “Janus”, 1820

1820 May 16: On list of convicts transhipped from the “Janus” to the “Princess Charlotte” and forwarded to Port Dalrymple; listed as Coyle or Riley (Reel 6007; 4/3502 p.38)

7/6/1820: Arrived in VDL

12/4/1825: Absent from Divine Service.

29/6/1826: COF
29/11/1826: COF renewed

9/2/1833: Drunk - fined 5/-

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